Careers in science
Environmental scientists provide advice on how to avoid or reduce harmful effects on the environment. Work could involve preparing reports on the environmental impact of activities such as mining, forestry, and agriculture; developing
policies using ecological, mathematical, or physical science data; or applying for resource consent on behalf of clients.
Biotechnologists create products using biologically-based materials; study bacteria and fungi; operate equipment used to process biological materials such as food and plants; work with genetically modifying organisms to make new products;
monitor production trends; and advise organisations on biotechnology issues.
Food technologists research new food and drink products and then develop ways to improve them. Their day could include conducting trials, managing production, providing quality assurance, investigating the nutritional properties of foods;
and analysing the packaging, storage, and safety of food to ensure it meets all government and industry standards.
Food engineers design, develop, and test processes and equipment for food processing companies. This may entail designing new methods of processing, packaging, and preserving food; costing processes and equipment; improving existing processes;
sourcing and testing equipment; and process or factory establishment.
Science technicians work alongside scientists to carry out research, perform experiments, and analyse results. Their day may include collecting samples out in the field, writing reports, maintaining databases; or operating and maintaining
a laboratory for teaching or research.